XadA2 Adhesin Decreases Biofilm Formation and Transmission ofXylella fastidiosasubsp.pauca

Text - scientific article/review article


Xylella fastidiosais a vector-borne bacterium that causes diseases in many plants of economic interest. The bacterium-vector initial interactions involve bacterial membrane-bound adhesins that mediate cell attachment to the foregut of insect vectors. We investigated the role of the afimbrial adhesin XadA2 in the binding and biofilm formation ofX. fastidiosasubsp.paucato vector surfaces in vitro, as well as its potential to disrupt pathogen transmission. We showed that XadA2 has binding affinity for polysaccharides on sharpshooter hindwings, used as a proxy for the interactions betweenX. fastidiosaand vectors. When in a medium without carbon sources, the bacterium used wing components, likely chitin, as a source of nutrients and formed a biofilm on the wing surface. There was a significant reduction inX. fastidiosabiofilm formation and cell aggregation on vector wings in competition assays with XadA2 or its specific antibody (anti-XadA2). Finally, pathogen acquisition and transmission to plant were significantly reduced when the vectors acquiredX. fastidiosafrom an artificial diet supplemented with anti-XadA2. These results show that XadA2 is important in mediating bacterial colonization in the insect and that it could be used as a target for blockingX. fastidiosatransmission.


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  • Xylella fastidiosa subsp. pauca


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